- Since the beginning of the HIV/AIDS epidemic, 60 million people have contracted HIV and 25 million have died of AIDS-related causes.
- In 2008, an estimated 2 million adults and children died from AIDS, a 10% reduction from the peak number of AIDS-related deaths in 2004.
- As of 2008, 33.4 million people were living with HIV/AIDS worldwide.
- The annual number of new HIV infections declined from 3.2 million in 2001 to 2.7 million in 2008. Still, more than 7,000 people contract HIV every day.
- More than half of new infections are among those under 25 years of age.
Sources: UNAIDS 2009 AIDS Epidemic Update, http://data.unaids.org/pub/Report/2009/JC1700_Epi_Update_2009_en.pdf
United States Statistics
- Since the AIDS epidemic began in 1981, 1.7 million Americans have been infected with HIV and 583,298 have died of AIDS-related causes through 2007.
- 1.1 million Americans are living with HIV (including more than 468,000 with AIDS)
- An estimated 21% of people living with HIV are undiagnosed.
- Every 9.5 minutes, someone in the U.S. is infected with HIV.
- Gay and bisexual men continue to bear the greatest burden of HIV infection, accounting for an estimated 53% of new HIV infections, and is the only group for which new infections are on the rise.
- African-Americans and Latinos are disproportionately affected by HIV and
AIDS. Blacks accounted for 45% of new HIV infections in 2006 and 47% of
those living with the disease, yet they make up only 12% of the U.S.
population. Latinos account for 17% of new infections yet comprise 15%
of the U.S. population, while whites represent 35% of new infections and
account for 66% of the total population.
- The AIDS case rate for African Americans is more than 9 times that of
whites, and the HIV rate is 7 times greater among blacks than whites.
Survival after an AIDS diagnosis is lower for blacks than any other
- Young adults and teens between 13 and 29 represent 34% of new HIV infections, the largest share of any age group. Black teens are disproportionately affected, representing 68% of reported AIDS cases among 13 to 19-year-olds in 2007.
- New infections due to injection drug use have declined by about 80%
since the mid-to-late 1990s, accounting for 12% of new infections in
- Women now account for 27% of HIV infections, with 280,000 women living with HIV and AIDS. Black women accounted for 65% of new AIDS cases among women in 2007 and the largest share of new HIV infections (61%).
- 71% of all AIDS cases reported since the beginning of the epidemic are
concentrated in 10 states or territories. While the District of Columbia
has the highest AIDS case rate (148.1 per 100,000 in 2007), the states
of New York (17.6%), California (14.4%) and Florida (10.6%) have the
most cumulative AIDS cases.
Sources: Kaiser Family Foundation Fact Sheet: The HIV/AIDS Epidemic in the United States, September 2009.
- Nearly 200,000 Californians have reportedly contracted HIV/AIDS and nearly 90,000 have died since the epidemic began in the early 1980s.
- California ranks second in the nation to cumulative AIDS cases at 157,719, surpasses only by New York.
- Approximately 109,000 Californians are HIV-positive, among whom 69,728 are living with HIV.
- There are up to 7,000 new HIV infections in the state every year.
- 75.7% of all HIV/AIDS cases occur among gay men, far exceeding the 53% nationally.
- Men make up 89.5%. Women account for 9.8% of cases, and transgender persons for 0.6%
- Of all HIV cases, whites account for 46.7% followed by Hispanics at 29.2% and African Americans at 18.9%
- More than 60% of Californians living with HIV reside in Los Angeles County or the San Francisco Bay Area.
Sources: California Office of AIDS, AIDS Surveillance Report (as of June 2010)
San Francisco Statistics
- Since the beginning of the epidemic a total of 28,409 San Francisco residents have been diagnosed with AIDS, which comprises 18% of California AIDS cases and 3% of cases reported nationally. There have been an 19,080 reported AIDS deaths in San Francisco as of Dec. 31, 2009.
- There were 15,836 San Franciscans living with HIV/AIDS by the end of 2009. Most were male (92%), white (63%). In addition, nearly three-quarters of all HIV/AIDS cases were among men who have sex with men (MSM) and an additional 13% were among MSM who were also injecting drug users.
- Of the total number of people living with HIV/AIDS, 9,326 were living with AIDS at the end of 2009. 92% are male, 6% are female and 2% are transgender.
- Survival after AIDS diagnosis is worse for African Americans than other racial/ethnic groups. Among those diagnosed with AIDS between 1996 and 2009, the percent of African Americans surviving five years was 73% as compared with 81% for whites, 83% for Latinos and 86% for Asian/Pacific Islanders.
- In 2007, HIV/AIDS was the fourth leading cause of death for men aged 25-54 years in San Francisco.
- There were 411 newly diagnosed HIV cases in 2009, down from 434 in 2008 and 518 in 2007. The majority was male (90%), MSM (73%), aged 25-49 (71%) and white (50%)
- HIV-positive injecting drug users are mainly concentrated in the Tenderloin, Western Addition and South of Market.
- The neighborhoods with the highest numbers of people living with HIV/AIDS are the Castro, Mission, Western Addition and Tenderloin.
San Francisco Department of Public Health, HIV Epidemiology Section. HIV/AIDS epidemiology Annual Report 2009
For more information about the San Francisco AIDS Foundation, please visit our website.
Updated: February 2011
If you live in San Francisco, the foundation offers Magnet, a clinic providing free sexual health services for gay men in the heart of the Castro. Learn more at www.magnetsf.com. San Francisco AIDS Foundation also offers testing at two locations in the South of Market neighborhood. For more information, call client services at (415) 487-8000.
If you have a regular doctor, he or she can do any of these tests. But
many of us prefer to go to a facility that is specifically for HIV tests
so that the results do not go into your medical record. You can find a
test site near you at www.hivtest.org.
There are also tests that detect the virus itself, rather than HIV
antibodies. Some places offer these tests, particularly to people who
have likely been exposed to HIV. One example: the condom breaking when
you were having sex with someone you knew to be HIV positive. These
tests are expensive and are often available only under certain
circumstances. If you think there’s a high likelihood you’ve been
infected, check with your local health department to see where these
tests are available.